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literature on neuromodulation treatment of BPS  

ESSIC uses the name bladder pain syndrome (BPS) instead of interstitial cystitis (IC) and/or painful bladder syndrome (PBS):
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  • Bilateral s3 stimulator in patients with interstitial cystitis.
    Steinberg AC, Oyama IA, Whitmore KE. Urology 2007;69:441-3
    • this retrospective study demonstrated that 15 patients diagnosed with interstitial cystitis with the symptoms of frequency, urgency, and pain had a significant decrease in frequency and nocturia with bilateral stimulator placement
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