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literature on Mycoplasma hominis and BPS

ESSIC uses the name bladder pain syndrome (BPS) instead of interstitial cystitis (IC) and/or painful bladder syndrome (PBS):
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  • Prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis in women with chronic urinary symptoms.
    Baka S, Kouskouni E, Antonopoulou S, et al. Urology 2009;74:62-6
    · urine, vaginal, and urethral samples from 153 women presenting with chronic voiding symptoms were tested for the presence of pathogens including Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis
    · U. urealyticum was detected 52.9%, and M. hominis 3.3%, always in association with U. urealyticum
    · a significant improvement in all symptoms was observed in women with positive cultures for Mycoplasma after therapy
    · the authors conclude that testing for the presence of U. urealyticum and M. hominis in the urogenital tract could prove valuable for the management of a significant percentage of chronic urinary symptoms in women through appropriate treatment
  • Association of chronic urinary symptoms in women and Ureaplasma urealyticum.
    Potts JM, Ward AM, Rackley RR. Urology 2000;55:486-9
    • 48 women with chronic voiding symptoms and possible interstitial cystitis underwent urologic evaluation, including culture screening for Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis
    • positive cultures were obtained in 23 (48%): 22 had U. urealyticum and 1 had M. hominis; all had negative cultures after treatment
    • the authors conclude that, although often overlooked or improperly treated, U. urealyticum and M. hominis infections may account for a large proportion of unexplained chronic voiding symptoms and that culture and treatment should be considered before pursuing more costly and invasive tests

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