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literature on carcinoma of the urinary bladder and BPS

ESSIC uses the name bladder pain syndrome (BPS) instead of interstitial cystitis (IC) and/or painful bladder syndrome (PBS):
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  • A referral center’s experience with transitional cell carcinoma misdiagnosed as interstitial cystitis.
    Tissot WD, Diokno AC, Peters KM. J Urol 2004;172:478-80
    • a retrospective review of patient records showed that between 1998 and 2002 a total of 600 patients were seen with the diagnosis of interstitial cystitis (IC)
    • six patients (1%) previously diagnosed as having IC were found to have transitional cell carcinoma as the cause of symptoms, 4 of whom (67%) had no hematuria
    • the authors conclude that patients with irritative voiding symptoms require a thorough evaluation which may include cystoscopy, cytology and upper tract imaging; they expect that the number of wrong diagnoses of IC would increase if the criteria to diagnose IC and initiate treatment were oversimplified
general information on some important aspects of urinary bladder cancer
  • Focus on bladder cancer.
    Dinney CP, McConkey DJ, Millikan RE, et al. Cancer Cell 2004;6:111-6
    • an illustrated review
© 2006-2007 ESSIC - European Society for the Study of IC/PBS