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literature on bladder outlet obstruction

ESSIC uses the name bladder pain syndrome (BPS) instead of interstitial cystitis (IC) and/or painful bladder syndrome (PBS):
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  • Bladder outlet obstruction in women: difficulties in the diagnosis.
    Klijer R, Bar K, Bialek W. Urol Int 2004;73:6-10
    • the authors conclude that bladder outlet obstruction exists in women with lower urinary tract symptoms
    • pressure-flow studies and voiding cystourethrography are reliable modalities for confirming bladder outlet obstruction
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